BEE, CEE & Indigenisation Laws

Economic Empowerment

B-BBEE in South Africa

The Broad-based Black Economic Empowerment Program (short: BEE or B-BBEE) is a program launched by the South African government to address the inequalities of Apartheid by giving previously disadvantaged groups (black South Africans, Coloureds and Indians) economic opportunities previously not available to them. This policy is a pragmatic growth strategy that aims to unlock the country’s full macro- and socio-economic potential.

Indigenisation Law in Zimbabwe

p.The South African Black Empowerment Legislation finds its highly controversial counter-part in the Indigenisation Law of Zimbabwe. It’s radical amendments and application have let to the majority of foreign and white businesses having left the country or closed down and larger companies, like banks and insurances, have in the meantime been expropriated by the State.

CEE in Zambia

While South African Empowerment under BEE and the Zimbabwean Indigenisation are based on race, the Zambian CEE is based on age and gender to empower the youth and the female citizens. It is legally formulated in the Citizens Economic Empowerment Act of Zambia.



Further information can be found in the INTO SA Information Library eLAW.