Zimbabwe’s newly appointed Finance and Economic Development Minister Mthuli Ncube has announced a 2 cents per dollar tax on electronic transactions as the country moves to widen its tax base: “I hereby review the Intermediated Money Transfer Tax from 5 cents per transaction to 2 cents per dollar transacted, effective 1 October 2018,” said Minister Ncube.
He said due to the increase in the informalisation of the economy and huge spikes in electronic and mobile phone-based financial transactions and real-time gross settlement transactions (RTGS), “there is [the] need to expand the tax collection base and ensure that the tax collection points are aligned with electronic mobile payment transactions and the RTGS system”. While the new tax seems like a downward review, it isn’t as consumer will now be charged on every dollar transacted, whereas in the past it was 5 cents for every transaction, including those above $1.
The new 2c per dollar tax effectively means most Zimbabweans will have to fork out more in tax for every dollar transacted as more than 96% of the transactions currently conducted in the southern African country are electronic. Analysts have described the hikes as catastrophic for consumers who are already forking out more on value added tax and other bank charges related to electronic transactions. “It’s catastrophic for most Zimbabweans, as most of our transactions are now conducted electronically. It’s an increase in costs on all transactions and the consumer will be hurt,” said Walter Mandeya, an analyst with Trigrams Investment.
In 2018, 1.7 billion transactions were conducted electronically. The latest Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe figures for the half year to June show electronic transactions done in the country amounted to US$ 64.7bn. This means if 2 cents is charged on every dollar transacted, government coffers would have swelled by US$ 1.3bn. If similar transactions were to be conducted in the second half of the year, the country’s treasury can expect to collect at least US$ 2.5bn for the year from transaction charges alone.
At least US$ 4bn worth of transactions went through Point of Sales machines in retail outlets, which means on top of the 15% value added tax that is charged at POS, most transactions will add another 2% tax charge for every dollar spent at the till.